The recent decision of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Turkey to admit pending a lawsuit against the Party of Justice and Development Party (AKP) has generated discomfort and uncertainty in pro-European circles in Brussels. The Court accuses the AKP of raping the Constitution, violating the principle of secularism, imposed in the twenties of the last century by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, founder of the modern State. The Eurocrats did not hesitate to predict the onset of a period of serious political instability for the Ottoman country because, according to them, a systemic error. His criticisms were directed against the legal mechanisms devised by the Kemalist establishment to defend the State against the threats of radical groupings. A few mechanisms that served to outlaw the Communist Party, condemn the militants of the Kurdish nationalist movement and containing the first offensive of the radical Islamists, accused of bring the country down the path of dangerous third world adventures. But, what the? accusations against the party led by Prime Minister Erdogan? According to Prosecutor Abdurrahman Yalcinkaya, promoter of the grievance, the staff of the AKP, to which also belongs the current Turkish President Abdulah Gul, is carried out a secret plan to Islamicize the country and turn it into a State governed by Sharia law. The members of the political grouping headed by Erdogan Gul tandem reject accusations of Prosecutor, recalling that the AKP has drafted a package of measures aimed at reconciling the Turkish legislation with the existing legal regulations in the countries of the European Union. Who is right? Who is wrong? It should be noted that the lay sectors of the Ottoman country recently mobilized against the decision to authorize the use of the Islamic headscarf in universities, considering it was a first step towards the introduction of the traditional Muslim attire in government agencies. Fictional or real, the dispute brought out other strangers episodes, carefully muted by the Western press, as the proliferation of alcohol-free zones, the harassment to butcher shops that sell meat products not halal (not compliant with Muslim standards of slaughter of cattle) and, finally, the rumors about the existence and action of a mysterious network extremist accused of carrying out the recent attacks against politicians and liberal intellectuals.